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Great Grandmother Georgia Cherokee, Mary Price

(Photo)
Great Grandmother Georgia Cherokee, Mary Price

Welcome to the Library Page. Listed on this page are reference articles and materials to help you in your studies of the Cherokee, both in this country and Mexico. This page will be in a state of constant update as newly found letters and documents are conscientiously researched for accuracy and authenticity.

Cherokee Nations Bands & Tribes

The story of the Cherokee Nation of Mexico is a story of the continuing journey of Sequoyah. According to the stories from the elders in Coahuila and Tamaulipas Mexico, this where the descendants of the Cherokees fled Texas after the murderous Mirabeau Lamar became President of the Texas Republic. The Mexican government petitioned the Cherokees to come and live with them as early as 1818, but the political environment and the refusal of the American government to allow them to go, prevented this from happening. But, now it has happened and the result is the Nacion Cherokee de Mexico.

· To learn more about the Cherokee Nation of Mexico, click HERE.

2nd Cherokee National ceremonial house built in Mexico in 164 years.

(Photo)
2nd Cherokee National ceremonial house built in Mexico in 164 years.

The Cherokee Nation, now in Oklahoma, has had a history of strife and conflict beginning with the Trail of Tears. The Old Settlers had lived in what is now Oklahoma since the late 1790’s and had set up their own government. When Chief John Ross and the Eastern Cherokee came to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) in 1839, they wanted to be the Cherokee government, and so it began. Both groups had legitimate claim to the government; the Old Settlers because they had been there and had a government established; and the Removal Party who had brought the power of government with them. The in-fighting is still going on.

· To learn more about the Cherokee Nation (United States) click HERE.

Cherokees making a friend out of each Vaguero

(Photo)
Cherokees making a friend out of each Vaguero

The United Kituwah (Keetoowah) Band of Cherokee , at one time, were part of the present day Cherokee Nation. Now they have separate governments. The United States Congress, through the Act of 1946, legislatively authorized the United Kituwah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma to organize as a separate tribal entity under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act. The Secretary of Interior approved the Constitution of the United Kituwah Band in 1950. Read their complete history and the origin of the UKB Cherokees plus the Legend of the Kituwah.

· To learn more about the History of the United Kituwah Band (OK) click HERE.

Clay White Bear Garrett listens to the Chief’s prayer for blessings on the families of Mexico.

(Photo)
Clay White Bear Garrett listens to the Chief’s prayer for blessings on the families of Mexico.

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians trace their descendancy from about 1,000 Cherokees who managed to elude this forced removal. About 300 of these Cherokee claimed US citizenship; the rest were living in Tennessee and North Carolina towns or hiding in the mountains. These 300 or so Cherokees were known as the Oconaluftee Indians. In order to stay on their farms, they became citizens of the United States, and considered themselves separate from the Cherokee Nation. By so doing they were allowed to stay on their farms. Fearing nullification of their special status, however, they grudgingly joined in the search for the Cherokees who had escaped the Trail of Tears and fled into the mountains.

· To learn more about the Cherokee Eastern Band (NC), click HERE.

Clay Spirit Walker Garrett & his son Clay White Bear Garrett meet 3 governors & 1 cabinet secretary.

(Photo)
Clay Spirit Walker Garrett & his son Clay White Bear Garrett meet 3 governors & 1 cabinet secretary.





Important!
This letter is a must read for all Cherokees, all Native Americans, and all Americans.





Department of the Interior Depart. of the Interior

Remarks of
Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary Indian Affairs

Department of the Interior
at the Ceremony Acknowledging the 175th Anniversary
of the Establishment of the
Bureau of Indian Affairs
September 8, 2000

In March of 1824, President James Monroe established the Office of Indian Affairs in the Department of War. Its mission was to conduct the nation’s business with regard to Indian affairs. We have come together today to mark the first 175 years of the institution now known as the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

It is appropriate that we do so in the first year of a new century and a new millennium, a time when our leaders are reflecting on what lies ahead and preparing for those challenges. Before looking ahead, though, this institution must first look back and reflect on what it has wrought and, by doing so, come to know that this is no occasion for celebration; rather it is time for reflection and contemplation, a time for sorrowful truths to be spoken, a time for contrition.

Chief Rogers instructs his son Charles in his duties during the pipe ceremony.

(Photo)
Chief Rogers instructs his son Charles in his duties during the pipe ceremony.

We must first reconcile ourselves to the fact that the works of this agency have at various times profoundly harmed the communities it was meant to serve. From the very beginning, the Office of Indian Affairs was an instrument by which the United States enforced its ambition against the Indian nations and Indian people who stood in its path. And so, the first mission of this institution was to execute the removal of the southeastern tribal nations. By threat, deceit, and force, these great tribal nations were made to march 1,000 miles to the west, leaving thousands of their old, their young and their infirm in hasty graves along the Trail of Tears.

As the nation looked to the West for more land, this agency participated in the ethnic cleansing that befell the western tribes. War necessarily begets tragedy; the war for the West was no exception. Yet in these more enlightened times, it must be acknowledged that the deliberate spread of disease, the decimation of the mighty bison herds, the use of the poison alcohol to destroy mind and body, and the cowardly killing of women and children made for tragedy on a scale so ghastly that it cannot be dismissed as merely the inevitable consequence of the clash of competing ways of life. This agency and the good people in it failed in the mission to prevent the devastation. And so great nations of patriot warriors fell. We will never push aside the memory of unnecessary and violent death at places such as Sand Creek, the banks of the Washita River, and Wounded Knee.

Cherokees greet 8000 riders which stretch 3 to 4 miles.

(Photo)
Cherokees greet 8000 riders which stretch 3 to 4 miles.

Nor did the consequences of war have to include the futile and destructive efforts to annihilate Indian cultures. After the devastation of tribal economies and the deliberate creation of tribal dependence on the services provided by this agency, this agency set out to destroy all things Indian.

This agency forbade the speaking of Indian languages, prohibited the conduct of traditional religious activities, outlawed traditional government, and made Indian people ashamed of who they were. Worst of all, the Bureau of Indian Affairs committed these acts against the children entrusted to its boarding schools, brutalizing them emotionally, psychologically, physically, and spiritually. Even in this era of self determination, when the Bureau of Indian Affairs is at long last serving as an advocate for Indian people in an atmosphere of mutual respect, the legacy of these misdeeds haunts us. The trauma of shame, fear and anger has passed from one generation to the next, and manifests itself in the rampant alcoholism, drug abuse, and domestic violence that plague Indian country .Many of our people live lives of unrelenting tragedy as Indian families suffer the ruin of lives by alcoholism, suicides made of shame and despair, and violent death at the hands of one another. So many of the maladies suffered today in Indian country result from the failures of this agency. Poverty, ignorance, and disease have been the product of this agency’s work.

And so today I stand before you as the leader of an institution that in the past has committed acts so terrible that they infect, diminish, and destroy the lives of Indian people decades later, generations later. These things occurred despite the efforts of many good people with good hearts who sought to prevent them. These wrongs must be acknowledged if the healing is to begin.

I do not speak today for the United States. That is the province of the nation’s elected leaders, and I would not presume to speak on their behalf. I am empowered, however, to speak on behalf of this agency, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and I am quite certain that the words that follow reflect the hearts of its 10,000 employees.

Let us begin by expressing our profound sorrow for what this agency has done in the past. Just like you, when we think of these misdeeds and their tragic consequences, our hearts break and our grief is as pure and complete as yours. We desperately wish that we could change this history, but of course we cannot. On behalf of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, I extend this formal apology to Indian people for the historical conduct of this agency.

And while the BIA employees of today did not commit these wrongs, we acknowledge that the institution we serve did. We accept this inheritance, this legacy of racism and inhumanity. And by accepting this legacy, we accept also the moral responsibility of putting things right.

We therefore begin this important work anew, and make a new commitment to the people and communities that we serve, a commitment born of the dedication we share with you to the cause of renewed hope and prosperity for Indian country. Never again will this agency stand silent when hate and violence are committed against Indians. Never again will we allow policy to proceed from the assumption that Indians possess less human genius than the other races. Never again will we be complicit in the theft of Indian property. Never again will we appoint false leaders who serve purposes other than those of the tribes. Never again will we allow unflattering and stereotypical images of Indian people to deface the halls of government or lead the American people to shallow and ignorant beliefs about Indians. Never again will we attack your religions, your languages, your rituals, or any of your tribal ways. Never again will we seize your children, nor teach them to be ashamed of who they are. Never again.

We cannot yet ask your forgiveness, not while the burdens of this agency’s history weigh so heavily on tribal communities. What we do ask is that, together, we allow the healing to begin: As you return to your homes, and as you talk with your people, please tell them that time of dying is at its end. Tell your children that the time of shame and fear is over. Tell your young men and women to replace their anger with hope and love for their people. Together, we must wipe the tears of seven generations. Together, we must allow our broken hearts to mend. Together, we will face a challenging world with confidence and trust. Together, let us resolve that when our future leaders gather to discuss the history of this institution, it will be time to celebrate the rebirth of joy, freedom, and progress for the Indian Nations. The Bureau of Indian Affairs was born in 1824 in a time of war on Indian people. May it live in the year 2000 and beyond as an instrument of their prosperity.








copyright © 2012 Cherokee Nation of Sequoyah
     Must have permission to use or reprint by Chales Jahtlohi Rogers MD.

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